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# Discuss properties of the solution of a differential equation

Consider the differential equation Let be a solution to the equation with the initial condition . Without attempting to solve this equation explicitly answer the following questions.

1. Since we also have . Does have a relative maximum, relative minimum, or neither at 0?
2. If then and if then . Find positive numbers and such that 3. Prove that 4. Prove that for some finite number and find the value of .

Incomplete.

1. Evangelos says:

a.) From Theorem 4.9 on page 189, we can determine if a local extreme is a maximum, minimum, or neither. So, (assuming the initial conditions are met), if we take the second derivative of y, at x = 0, with y(0) = 0 we get Since this value is greater than 0, from Theorem 4.9 we can conclude that this extreme is a local minimum.

b.) We know that for x >= 10/3, f'(x) >= 2/3. And we know that for x>0, y>0. So, we can use the point-slope form of a line to exhibit a and b such that Let Then Or c.) We can use the above values for a and b to show that this is the case. Since we know that for all x >= 10/3 We also know that for all x >= 10/3 Now, if we take the following limit We can see that the limit goes to 0

But we know that So if the above limit goes to zero as x goes to infinity, then Goes to zero as well.

d.) We can once again use the results from part (b.). Since we know that for all x >= 10/3 We can use little-o notation from section 7.9 to show that that • Evangelos says:

I think I can clarify part (c.) by using o-notation there as well.

So, if we have the limit We can use o-notation to write the above limit as And we can use Theorem 7.8 (c.) to simplify terms, giving us As x goes to plus infinity, the limit goes to zero.

• S says:

I don’t think you can start with the assumption that y = 2/3x + o(1).

To me it points to the L’Hospital \infty/\infty direction, even though we didn’t prove it in the book until this point.