Let be a right triangle in the plane. The angle at vertex is the right angle, the vertex is fixed at the origin, and the vertex lies on the parabola . At time , the vertex is at the point and moves up the -axis at a constant rate of 2 centimeters per second. What is the rate of change of the area of the triangle at time seconds?

Here’s a graph of the setup:

We are given that the vertex moves upward along the -axis at a constant rate of 2 centimeters per second, this means,

Then, we compute the area of the triangle, call it , in terms of and ,

(Where we used the product rule to differentiate with respect to , recalling that both and are functions of as well.) We are then given the formula for with respect to ,

So, when we have (see the comments for an explanation of how we calculated ) which implies . Therefore,

i did in another way, I hope it helps you guys who didn’t understand his way:

A = (1/2)x*y

knowing that y(x) is y in function of x, find x(y), as x in function of y (chapter 3.12 might help to do it)

then derive the area in function of the y coordinate and multiply by the given dy/dt.

so the chain rule will be

dA/dt = dA/dy * dy/dt

this way also works, i hope it helped someone.

Hi RoRi,

I’m self-teaching calculus directly from Apostol’s book(s) and it has been a great and rewarding slog. But although I get approx 95% correct, he sets some problems that just floor me. Like this one here.

Excuse me if what I’m asking is doltishly simple – it is always possible I’ve missed out on something pretty basic – but I can’t get my head around why:

If Area = 1/2xy then dA/dt = 1/2y dx/dt + 1/2x dy/dt.

Why not 1/2(dx/dt dy/dt)? Where does the addition function come from (and I know it leads to the right answer)?

I tried to work it out from basic principles using the simplified example of expanding rectangular areas (where dx and dy are easily represented and drawn) and just can’t see where the “+” fits in.

Honestly, apologies if this is dismally basic but I’ve been stuck on the question for weeks and really want to move on. Oh and thanks for your resource. I will try to use it as little as possible!

Daniel

He mentioned that “Where we used the product rule to differentiate with respect to t”. The area function

can be viewed as a 2-function product: function x and function y. They can depend on each other, but it is not important here. We simply assume that each of them depends on

! Thus, we use the differentiation product rule proven in Apostol before.

Did you get the value of y when t=7/2 from the linear motion formula?

Yeah, we start at the point so the initial value of is . Then we are told that the point moves up the -axis at a constant rate of 2 centimeters per second, so the ending value of is