Consider the figure
We say the curve bisects the region between and in area if for every point on the curve the area of regions and are equal. Given the equations
find an equation for such that the curve bisects the region between and in area.
First, we can calculate the area of the region . This is the difference in the integrals from 0 to the -coordinate of of and . Since lies on the curve defined by the equation we may write for some . Then the area of is given by
Now, we make the assumption that the equation for is of the form for some positive real number . (I don’t know a good way to justify this assumption other than it’s the most obvious first thing to try, and it happens to work.) Then to find the area of region first we find equations for the curves and in terms of (so that we may integrate along the -axis which is somewhat easier). So we have
Then, we integrate along the -axis from 0 to (since this is the -coordinate of ) the difference between these two curves. The area of is then
Now we set the areas of the regions equal and solve for ,
Therefore, the equation describing is given by