Consider the figure

We say the curve bisects the region between and in area if for every point on the curve the area of regions and are equal. Given the equations

find an equation for such that the curve bisects the region between and in area.

First, we can calculate the area of the region . This is the difference in the integrals from 0 to the -coordinate of of and . Since lies on the curve defined by the equation we may write for some . Then the area of is given by

Now, we make the assumption that the equation for is of the form for some positive real number . (I don’t know a good way to justify this assumption other than it’s the most obvious first thing to try, and it happens to work.) Then to find the area of region first we find equations for the curves and in terms of (so that we may integrate along the -axis which is somewhat easier). So we have

Then, we integrate along the -axis from 0 to (since this is the -coordinate of ) the difference between these two curves. The area of is then

Now we set the areas of the regions equal and solve for ,

Therefore, the equation describing is given by

A new function x=g(y) can be defined as the reverse of C2: y=f(x). With a similar procedure, we can obtain the expression of g(y) and then reverse it to have f(x).

Exactly! the assumption of quadratic function c2 is not needed at all. It is discovered by integrating some unknown inverse of it. Then using the second fundamental theorem of calculus we can remove lower bound at 0 for the unknown integral since in the picture the second function starts at (0, 0). Then using the 1st theorem of calculus, we differentiate, and invert, to come back to c2. Then by variable substitution (u = 3/4x) we get the final result.